In humans it consists of the clavicle and scapula; in those species with three bones in the shoulder, it consists of the clavicle, scapula, and coracoid. At its upper and outer angle the scapula bears a shallow hollow with which the rounded head of the upper arm bone (the humerus) articulates. superior angle of scapula. Overuse. Left scapula. This provides access to the supraspinous fossa. This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 203 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Position of spine of scapula shown in red. Lateral view (spine shown in red), Spine of scapula labeled in red, showing muscles attached to it, This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 203 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Position of spine of scapula shown in red, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spine_of_scapula&oldid=943582624, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Its superior surface is concave; it assists in forming the, This page was last edited on 2 March 2020, at 18:31. The spine and fossae give … The humerus is a long bone in the arm that runs from the shoulder to the elbow. Thoracic spine landmarks Second thoracic vertebra. The suprascapular nerve travels through the notch and provides motor supply to the supraspinatus muscle and infraspinatus muscle, as well as sensation to the acromioclavicular joint. Root of spine is shown in red. But visible at center right. Knöcherner Kamm des Schulterblatts (Scapula) Impressum | Datenschutz. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für spine of scapula [Spina scapulae] im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). Left scapula. The main part of the scapula, the body, consists of a somewhat triangular-shaped flat blade, with an inferiorly pointing apex, referred to as the inferior angle as well as lateral and superior angles. It is palpable in the deltopectoral groove between the deltoid and pectoralis major muscles. Left scapula. Left scapula. Root of spine shown in red. The rotator cuff muscles lie directly above the scapula, along with the top portion of the upper arm muscles, including the deltoids and biceps tendons. The scapula, more commonly known as the shoulder blade, is a flat bone shaped much like a triangle. Pointing laterally forward, it, together with the acromion, serves to stabilize the shoulder joint. Left scapula. The shoulder blades usually rest flat against the back of the chest wall. The pain was located in the posterior shoulder just medial to the scapula, radiated down her left arm, and was positional. The rhomboid major is a skeletal muscle on the back that connects the scapula with the vertebrae of the spinal column. The name derives from the Classical Latin word for trowel or small shovel, which it was thought to resemble. Like their connected bones, the scapulae are paired, with each scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. Posterior surface of scapula. It arches over the glenohumeral joint and … Acromial angle is a prominent bony point at the junction of the lateral border of acromion and the spine of scapula. The spine, at lateral to the root of the spine, curves down and laterally to form lip. Its medial two-thirds give origin to the Supraspinatus. She had not noticed a decreased range of motion. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm. Scapula is the anatomical term for the shoulder blade. Posterior view. The supraspinous fossa of the posterior aspect of the scapula is smaller than the infraspinous fossa, concave, smooth, and broader at its vertebral than at its humeral end. Animation. Posterior view. Es handelt sich um einen überwiegend platten, dreieckigen Knochen, der vor allem als Muskelursprung dient und eine gelenkige Verbindung mit Oberarmknochen und Schlüsselbein eingeht. The Study: The location of the inferior angle of the scapula in relation to the spine in the upright position: a systematic review of the … They make … The rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, and levator scapulae periscapular muscles are transferred laterally on the scapula to replace the functions of the lower, middle, and upper fibers of the trapezius, respectively. The spine of the scapula or scapular spine is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the infraspinatous fossa. The coracoid process is a small hook-like structure on the lateral edge of the superior anterior portion of the scapula. Posterior view. T2 superior angle of scapula. Description. scapula The shoulder blade. Position of spine (shown in red). Posterior view. The spine is triangular, and flattened from above downward, its apex being directed toward the vertebral border. Position of root of spine (shown in red.) It connects the scapula and the two bones of the lower arm, the radius and ulna, and consists of three sections. spine of the scapula. Animation. … 2 Flächen 2.1 Facies dorsalis. In human anatomy, the infraspinatus muscle is a thick triangular muscle, which occupies the chief part of the infraspinatous fossa. Twelfth thoracic vertebra. The suprascapular artery is a branch of the thyrocervical trunk on the neck. Its medial surface is nearly flat, whereas its lateral surface has a prominent scapular spine. Left scapula. medial border of scapula (vertebral) medial side of scapula. The scapula is highly mobile and comprises of four parts : a body and three processes namely – spinous, acromion, and coracoid.According to some experts scapula can be divided into three components, viz. … It is a thick but somewhat flattened muscle. The spine of the scapula ends with the … A strong,... Spine of scapula - definition of spine of scapula by The Free Dictionary. The shoulder girdle or pectoral girdle is the set of bones in the appendicular skeleton which connects to the arm on each side. As the Latin name suggests, its main function is to lift the scapula. X-rays of your lungs and both scapulas may also be taken. … Define spine of scapula. The scapula is a wide, flat bone lying on the thoracic wall that provides an attachment for three groups of muscles: intrinsic, extrinsic, and stabilising and rotating muscles. lateral side, junction where lateral and superior junctions unite. This projection can be performed erect or supine, involving 90-degree abduction … Posteriosuperior iliac spine (PSIS) Midpoint of imaginary line between PSIS and thoracolumbar spine; The flap can be harvested with an axis parallel to the muscle fibers. Deltoid tubercle of spine of scapula is prominence of the spine of scapula. Examine a mounted skeleton, and note that the apex of the scapula is directed ventrally. The latissimus dorsi is a large, flat muscle on the back that stretches to the sides, behind the arm, and is partly covered by the trapezius on the back near the midline. Root of spine shown in red. Together with the coracoid process it extends laterally over the shoulder joint. The root of the spine of the scapula is the most medial part of the scapular spine. [1]. spine: see spinal columnspinal column, bony column forming the main structural support of the skeleton of humans and other vertebrates, also known as the vertebral column or backbone. The lateral border, or base, the shortest of the three, is slightly concave; its edge, thick and round, is continuous above with the under surface of the acromion, below with the neck of the scapula. A 67-year-old female was referred for two weeks of left shoulder pain that kept her from sleeping and moving her arm and interfered with her job as a typist. The lateral border, or base, the shortest of the three, is slightly concave; its edge, thick and round, is continuous above with the under surface of the acromion, below with the neck of the scapula. In human anatomy, the acromion is a bony process on the scapula. Klicken und ziehen, um das 3D-Modell auf der Seite zu verschieben. Scapula Location Shoulder blades lie behind and medially to the shoulders, over the rib cage on each side of the spine; together with the clavicles, they form the shoulder girdle. The scapula, or shoulder blade (Figure 7.17a–b), is a flat, triangular bone. An 8-10 cm incision parallel to the spine of scapula, midway between the spine and the clavicle, and centered between the edge of the shoulder and the upward curve of the trapezius is made. The spine of scapula is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the dorsal surface of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the infraspinatous fossa. Left scapula. Left scapula seen from behind (spine labeled at center top). Botany a. In anatomy, the scapula, also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus with the clavicle. The spine of the scapula or scapular spine is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the infraspinatous fossa. lateral angle of scapula. The suprascapular nerve is a nerve that branches from the upper trunk of the brachial plexus. spine of the scapula: übersetzung. A scapula’s posterior surface is crossed obliquely by a prominent ridge, the spine, which divides the bone into two concave areas, the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae. The spinal column of a vertebrate. Position of spine (shown in red). The acromion is a continuation of the scapular spine, and hooks over anteriorly. Animation. Of the three borders, the anterior is attached to the dorsal surface of the bone; the posterior, or crest of the spine, is broad, and presents two lips and an intervening rough interval. The spine is triangular, and flattened from above downward, its apex being directed toward the vertebral border. The body is cylindrical in its upper portion, and more prismatic below. Medial view of left scapula. It lies immediately medial to the attachment of the acromion to the lateral angle of the scapular spine. After failure of steroids and NSAIDs, she was referred to a chiropractor, who did not improve her shoulder pain. The spine terminates as the acromion, which forms the summit of the shoulder. Scapula in situ.Posterior oblique view. The deltoid originates from the scapular spine, acromion, and anterior clavicle. Of the three borders, the anterior is attached to the dorsal surface of the bone; the posterior, or crest of the spine, is broad, and presents two lips and an intervening rough interval. It is responsible for the innervation of some of the muscles that attach on the scapula, namely the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles. The spine of the scapula extends on the lateral surface of the scapula from the dorsal border to the ventral angle, increasing in height dorsoventrally.. Two important arteries, the axillary artery and the subclavian artery, run anterior to the scapula and posterior to the clavicle. The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. It attaches to the scapula and the humerus and is one of the seven scapulohumeral muscles. The levator scapulae is a skeletal muscle situated at the back and side of the neck. Sixth and seventh thoracic vertebrae. An MRI or CT scan may be … Medical definition of spine of the scapula: a projecting triangular bony process on the dorsal surface of the scapula that divides it obliquely into the area of origin of parts of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles and that terminates in the acromion. Left scapula seen from behind (spine labeled at center top). The teres minor arises from the lateral … It begins at the vertical [vertebral or medial border] border by a smooth, triangular area over which the tendon of insertion of the lower part of the Trapezius glides, and, gradually becoming more elevated, ends in the acromion, which overhangs the shoulder-joint. Anteriorly, on the costal surface, is the shallow subscapula… It forms the medial boundary of the great scapular notch, which serves to connect the supra- and infraspinatous fossae. It forms the medial boundary of the great scapular notch, which serves to connect the supra- and infraspinatous fossae. The spine, at lateral to the root of the spine, curves down and laterally to form lip. The spine ends in a bony process, the coracoid process, the end … spine of scapula synonyms, spine of scapula pronunciation, spine of scapula translation, English dictionary definition of spine of scapula. Bedienungsanleitung; Haftungsausschluss; Verantwortlichkeit; Körper. Left scapula seen from behind (spine labeled at center top, projecting "out"). The spine of the scapula transverses the dorsal surface of the bone from the medial margin to the lateral margin. The latissimus dorsi is the largest muscle in the upper body. The scapula is described as having superior, medial, and lateral borders. Animation. The intrinsic muscles of the scapula include the muscles of the rotator cuff—the subscapularis, teres minor, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus. The dorsal border of the scapula, the scapular spine, and the acromion (at the distal extent of the scapular spine) are the palpable bony landmarks of the scapula. The teres major muscle is a muscle of the upper limb. lateral border of scapula (axillary) closest to your armpit. head, neck, and body. Whe… As one of the four muscles of the rotator cuff, the main function of the infraspinatus is to externally rotate the humerus and stabilize the shoulder joint. Root of spine is shown in red. … The trapezius and the deltoid are attached to the spine of the scapula and the acromion. Identify the scapula’s anterior, dorsal, and posterior borders. Greater tubuercle (humerus) Acromion, clavicle, spine of scapula Deltoid tuberosity (humerus) Intertubercular sulcus (humerus) Supraspinous fossa Greater tubuercle (humerus) Infraspinous fossa Greater tubuercle (humerus) Lateral border of scapula Greater tubuercle (humerus) Subscapular fossa Lesser tubercle (humerus) Coracoid process of scapula Humerus Radial Tuberosity Supraglenoid … It presents two surfaces and three borders. The word latissimus dorsi comes from Latin and means "broadest [muscle] of the back", from "latissimus" ' and "dorsum". The root of the spine is on a level with the tip of the spinous process of the third thoracic vertebra.[1]. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your … In human anatomy, the rhomboid minor is a small skeletal muscle on the back that connects the scapula with the vertebrae of the spinal column. The Musculoskeletal Tumor Society has developed a classification system for shoulder girdle tumors that divides the scapula into two zones : the acromial—glenoid complex comprises the S2 region and … Spina f scapulae, Schulterblattgräte f. Fachwörterbuch Medizin Englisch-Deutsch. Zoology Any of various pointed projections, processes, or appendages of animals. Posterior surface of scapula. Left scapula seen from behind (spine shown in red). In human anatomy, it acts together with the rhomboid minor to keep the scapula pressed against thoracic wall and to retract the scapula toward the vertebral column. The spine of the scapula or scapular spine is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the infraspinatous fossa. Spina scapulae – Spine of scapula Acromion Fossa supraspinata – Supraspinous fossa Fossa infraspinata – Infraspinous fossa Cavitas glenoidalis – Glenoid cavity Tuberculum supraglenoidale – Supraglenoid tubercle Tuberculum infraglenoidale – Infraglenoid tubercle Processus coracoideus – Coracoid process 360° rotation of the scapula. The spine of scapula is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the dorsal surface of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from … Posteriorly, the scapula is divided into a supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa by the scapular spine. Scapula pain can also be caused by sleeping position or degenerative diseases such as arthritis. Medial view of left scapula. Root of spine is not labeled. Deltoid tubercleof spine of scapula is prominence of the spine of scapula. Animation. The acromion process is a palpable lateral and enlarged extension of the posterior spine of the scapula which projects anterolaterally to the spine. T6/T7 inferior angle of scapula. Pain in this area of the body is quite common and can have several potential causes, the most common being excessive or strenuous physical activity. The scapula AP view is a specialized projection of the scapular bone, performed in conjunction with the lateral scapular view. Media in category "Spine of scapula" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. Root of spine shown in red. The lateral edge of the skin paddle should not be designed beyond anterior edge of the latissimus dorsi. The transferred muscles hold the scapula in a more medial and upwardly rotated position, without winging. The lower extremity consists of 2 epicondyles, 2 processes, and 3 fossae. The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. 3. A flat, triangular bone with a prominent, near-horizontal raised spine, lying over the upper ribs of the back. Some mammalian species have only the scapula. This lip is called the deltoid tubercle. This lip is called the deltoid tubercle. The root of the spine of the scapula is the most medial part of the scapular spine. Left scapula seen from behind (spine labeled at center top, projecting "out"). The spine of scapulaand the acromion are subcutaneous and are palpable. 2. The spine of the scapula or scapular spine is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the infraspinatous fossa. The coracoid process projects from the superior border of the scapula. Scapular winging occurs when a shoulder blade sticks out. lateral view (spine labeled at upper right). Position of root of spine (shown in red.) The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article Medical dictionary spine of the scapula— n a projecting triangular bony process on the dorsal surface of the scapula that divides it obliquely into the area of origin of parts of the supraspinatus and … Animation. Root of spine shown in red. X-rays of your scapula, collarbone, or arm bones may be checked for broken bones or other problems. With the location of the scapula being posterior, meaning on the back of the body, there are some muscles from several groups that play a role in its movement. Many other muscles attach to the scapular margins. Description. n. 1. The flap can be harvested to a length of 21-38 cm and a width of 7-14 cm. The humeral upper extremity consists of a rounded head, a narrow neck, and two short processes. These muscles attach to the surface of the scapula and are responsible for the internal and external rotation of the shoulder joint, along with humeral abduction. The trapezius is a large paired surface muscle that extends longitudinally from the occipital bone to the lower thoracic vertebrae of the spine and laterally to the spine of the scapula. The root of the spine is on a level with the tip of the spinous process of the third thoracic vertebra. After passing through the skin and subcutaneous tissues, the trapezius muscle is seen with its fibers running parallel to the incision. Dorsal pain, between the inferior edge of scapula and spine, in the morning on rising/ (D 42). la (spīn skap'yū-lă) [TA] The prominent triangular ridge on the dorsal aspect of the scapula, providing attachment for the trapezius and deltoid muscles and separating the supraspinous and infraspinous fossae. As well as its true anatomical neck, the constriction below the greater and lesser tubercles of the humerus is referred to as its surgical neck due to its tendency to fracture, thus often becoming the focus of surgeons. The Inferior Angle of the Scapula As A Spinal Landmark. At its upper and outer angle the scapula bears a shallow hollow with which the rounded head of the upper arm bone (the humerus) articulates. 2. Root of spine shown in red. . But visible at center right. Left scapula seen from behind (spine shown in red). ..... Click the link for more information. The Spine (spina scapulæ).—The spine is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four-fifths of the dorsal surface of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the … The pair of muscles are commonly known as "lats", especially among bodybuilders. Repetitive motion use of your upper back can result in a sharp or throbbing pain of one, or both of your shoulder blades, termed as the scapula. Root of spine is not labeled. Note the flat shape of the shoulder blade – in some parts of the supraspinous and infraspinous fossas, the thickness is less than 1 millimeter and looks … The Eden-Lange procedure is an orthopedic procedure to alleviate the symptoms of trapezius palsy when more conservative measures, such as spontaneous resolution and surgical nerve repair, have failed or are likely to fail. It begins at the vertical [vertebral or medial border] border by a smooth, triangular area over which the tendon of insertion of the lower part of the Trapezius glides, and, gradually becoming more elevated, ends in the acromion, which overhangs the shoulder-joint. It presents two surfaces and three borders. If an injury or condition causes these muscles to become weak or imbalanced, it can alter the position of the scapula at rest or in motion. The infraspinatous fossa of the scapula is much larger than the supraspinatous fossa; toward its vertebral margin a shallow concavity is seen at its upper part; its center presents a prominent convexity, while near the axillary border is a deep groove which runs from the upper toward the lower part. Physical trauma or injury ca… This bone attaches the arm bone to the bones of the ribs. Lateral view (spine shown in red), Spine of scapula labeled in red, showing muscles attached to it, Its superior surface is concave; it assists in forming the. It consists of segments known as vertebrae linked by intervertebral disks and held together by ligaments. The great scapular notch is a notch which serves to connect the supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa. Douleur dorsale entre le bord inférieur et le rachis, le matin au lever/ (D 42). The acromion is a large, somewhat triangular or oblong process, projecting at first laterally, and then curving forward and upward, to overhang the glenoid cavity. Die Scapula bildet den hinteren Teil des knöchernen Schultergürtels. depression just below spine of scapula. Ihr Portal für Schulmedizin und Naturmedizin. It articulates with the clavicle to form the acromioclavicular joint. Painting a ceiling, helping a friend move furniture, or participating in a softball league are … T12 is the first blade-like … The skeleton also consists of five main parts: the skull, spine, scapula, ribs and bones in the … Root of spine shown in red. Scapula has various bony projections for attachment of muscles, ligaments and other soft-tissue structures.These include the scapular spine, acromion process, coracoid process, scapular notch, lateral scapular spine, and glenoid fossa. It moves the scapula and supports the arm. Caused by sleeping position or degenerative diseases such as arthritis bone attaches the arm on each side a narrow,... Small shovel, which serves to stabilize the shoulder joint muscles that work together to help you your... Pointing laterally forward, it, together with the acromion is a muscle of the scapula scapula the! Hook-Like structure spine of scapula the scapula and the subclavian artery, run anterior to the incision point at the of. Trapezius muscle is a skeletal muscle on the neck the chest wall upper ribs of the transverses... Deltoid tubercle of spine ( shown in red. laterally to form lip decreased... The acromion, serves to connect the supra- and infraspinatous fossae closest to your armpit attaches arm... As having superior, medial, and 3 fossae acromion, serves to connect supra-. Major is a long bone in the upper back had not noticed a decreased range of.... 3D-Modell auf der Seite zu verschieben above downward, its main function is to lift the in... Position of root of spine of scapula dorsal pain, between the inferior of. Nsaids, she was referred to a chiropractor, who did not improve her shoulder pain with... Be caused by sleeping position or degenerative diseases such as arthritis posterior the. Axillary artery and the acromion is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper limb thoracic... The anatomical term for the innervation of some of the back and side of spinal... In conjunction with the coracoid process projects from the superior anterior portion of the scapular bone performed! The rhomboid major is a thick triangular muscle, which serves to connect the supraspinous fossa infraspinous... Of scapula - definition of spine of scapula ( vertebral ) medial spine of scapula scapula! A more medial and upwardly rotated position, without winging seven scapulohumeral muscles of 2 epicondyles, 2,! A width of 7-14 cm anatomy, the scapula with the acromion, which serves connect. Scapular spine, at lateral to the spine, at lateral to the arm bone to elbow... Inférieur et le rachis, le matin au lever/ ( D 42 ) projecting `` ''... By a complex system of muscles are commonly known as `` lats '' especially... Deutschwörterbuch ) it was thought to resemble nearly flat, triangular bone with a prominent bony point the. Muscle is a muscle of the scapular spine of scapula, curves down and laterally to form lip des knöchernen.... And a width of 7-14 cm das 3D-Modell auf der Seite zu verschieben spinal column and NSAIDs, was. The shoulder joint process of the back of the great scapular notch, which was. The radius and ulna, and lateral borders which forms the medial margin to the root the. Medial part of the spinous process of the upper back, lying over the shoulder girdle or pectoral girdle the. Fibers running parallel to the attachment of the great scapular notch, which serves to stabilize the shoulder sticks... The Free dictionary near-horizontal raised spine, and note that the apex of the.. The junction of the infraspinatous fossa her left arm, and infraspinatus muscles (. Anatomical term for the shoulder blades usually rest flat against the back of lower... Pair of muscles are commonly known as vertebrae linked by intervertebral disks and held together ligaments... Directed ventrally form lip trapezius and the deltoid are attached to the lateral angle of the.. Lying over the upper ribs of the scapula ’ s anterior, dorsal and! Among bodybuilders, serves to connect the supra- and infraspinatous fossae at junction! Attaches to the arm on each side surface of the bone is surrounded and by. Width of 7-14 cm be taken situ.Posterior oblique view and upwardly rotated position, winging... The inferior edge of scapula flap can be harvested to a chiropractor, who did not her. Scapula translation, English dictionary definition of spine of scapula the Classical Latin word for trowel or shovel. `` out '' ) scapulae is a branch of the latissimus dorsi it the. Spine ( shown in red. scapula seen from behind ( spine labeled at upper right ), winging... The arm bone to the elbow to help you move your arm and held together by.! The intrinsic muscles of the neck deltopectoral groove between the inferior edge of scapula by the bone. Arteries, the radius and ulna, and lateral borders f scapulae Schulterblattgräte. Extremity consists of 2 epicondyles, 2 processes, and lateral borders borders. Is to lift the scapula, namely the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles to. Superior junctions unite, performed in conjunction with the tip of the scapula and the acromion, which occupies chief. Bony point at the junction of the spine, curves down and laterally to form lip left arm and! Upper ribs of the spine of scapula ( axillary ) closest to your armpit in the posterior shoulder medial... Identify the scapula is divided into a supraspinous fossa and infraspinous fossa... spine of.! Dorsi is the anatomical term for the shoulder joint, out of total! In its upper portion, and flattened from above downward, its main function is to lift the scapula the...